Each rug masterpiece is created using a variety of construction techniques such as: hand-knotting, hand-tufted, hand-hooked, flat-weave and machine-made. These rugs also come in a wide range of fiber-types, from the more expensive fibers such as wool to the lesser expensive man-made fibers such as polyester and polypropylene.
The area rug industry is dominated by women workers. As men work outdoors to earn money and support the families, the women weave carpets sitting back at theire houses thus providing an additional income to the family. Girls in many countries from the age of ten to twelve years start working in the carpet industry, thus supporting their families.